Cusco, also known as the "Archaeological Capital of America", was the capital of the legendary Inca Empire. The most impressive feature about Cusco is the superimposition of three cultures: the native Andean Quechua, the colonial Spanish and the modern one.
Cusco's main square, known as WaKaypata at Inca's time, was the site where many celebrations took place and is still today an ideal meeting place for celebrations. Cusco's Cathedral and La Compañia, two of the colonial churches in Cusco, border the main square. Other important colonial churches are the following: Santo Domingo (the Inca Qorikancha - the Golden parcel-), The Santa Catalina Convent (where the Inca Acllawasi - residence for Chosen Women- was located), and San Blas Church (with its famous pulpit and located in a highly-artistic neighborhood).
Traveling to Cusco and not visiting the legendary Machu Picchu is incomprehensible. Trains depart from Cusco early in the morning every day. The trip to Machu Picchu takes from three to four hours; the return to Cusco City is in the evening. Otherwise, you can spend one night in a Hotel in Aguas Calientes, the closest town to the archaeological park of Machu Picchu. In addition, the most adventurous people can take the Inca Trail, a trek that takes two or four days for completion. It starts in Cusco and ends entering to Machu Picchu by the Inti Punku (Sun's door).
There are also several places that should not be ignored. For instance, the Sacred Valley of the Incas, the fortress of Ollantaytambo and the agricultural terraces of Pisaq are really impressive. A tour in Pisaq and Chinchero's markets will delight you with such incredible handicrafts; both towns are also characterized by their surrounding splendid archaeological areas.
Cusco is also blessed with many beautiful sites within a short drive time: Sacsayhuaman, the Inca site which has an incredible panorama for Cusco City; Tambomachay, Puka Pukara and Qenqo which are nearby impressive archaeological sites. In addition, a tour in Pisaq and Chinchero's markets will delight you with such incredible handicrafts, both towns are also characterized by their surrounding archaeological areas.